# What is an outcome variable in epidemiology

Outcomes (also called events or endpoints) are variables that are monitored during a study to document the impact that a given intervention or exposure has on the health of a given population. Typical examples of outcomes are cure, clinical worsening, and mortality.

## What are outcomes variables?

Noun. outcome variable (plural outcome variables) (mathematics) A dependent variable thought to change as a function of changes in a predictor variable.

## What is outcome and exposure variables?

What is Outcome variables? Outcome variables are usually the dependent variables which are observed and measured by changing independent variables. These variables determine the effect of the cause (independent) variables when changed for different values.

## What is main outcome variable?

The exposure and outcome of a study depend on the proposed study question. The exposure refers to any characteristic that may explain or predict the presence of a study outcome. The outcome refers to the characteristic that is being predicted.

## [PDF] Measurement of exposures and outcomes - IARC Publications

Measurement of exposures and outcomes - IARC Publications publications iarc fr/_publications/media/download/4109/21fce55e64eb722b36ef8ea6d8392ed5adde26a5 pdf Thus most epidemiological studies must collect information on three types of variable: (1) the primary exposure(s) of interest (2) other exposure(s) that may

## [PDF] Outcome and other variable ascertainment

Outcome and other variable ascertainment ww2 amstat org/meetings/biop/2019/onlineprogram/ViewPresentation cfm?file=300956 pdf 25 sept 2019 Variables/outcomes - Choice of variable/outcome will depend on the availability of patient data and the feasibility of collecting required

## [PDF] Study design

Study design eknygos lsmuni lt/springer/26/Part 2011/719-747 pdf design selection of subjects definition of study variables specification of the A factor can be an outcome in one study and an exposure in another

## [PDF] Assessment of exposure-outcome relationship in cross-sectional

Assessment of exposure-outcome relationship in cross-sectional medcraveonline com/JBMOA/JBMOA-09-00313 pdf 11 oct 2021 The outcome variable was mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Of important to note is that the exposure variable the pre-

## [PDF] Dichotomizing Continuous Outcome Variables - JSTOR

Dichotomizing Continuous Outcome Variables - JSTOR www jstor org/stable/ pdf /3702637 pdf David R Ragland Dichotomizing a continuous outcome variable casts that variable in traditional epidemiologic terms (that is disease no disease)

## [PDF] Assessing the reporting of categorised quantitative variables in

Assessing the reporting of categorised quantitative variables in bmchealthservres biomedcentral com/track/ pdf /10 1186/s12913-017-2137-z pdf variables in epidemiology the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) more predominant compared to other outcome variables

## [PDF] Confounding Bias Part I

Confounding Bias Part I sph unc edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/112/2015/07/nciph_ERIC11 pdf Confounding is the distortion of the association between an exposure and health outcome by an extraneous third variable called a confounder Since the exposure

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