In the statistical theory of the design of experiments, blocking is the arranging of experimental units in groups (blocks) that are similar to one another. Typically, a blocking factor is a source of variability that is not of primary interest to the experimenter.
What is a blocking variable in research?
A blocking variable is a potential nuisance variable - a source of undesired variation in the dependent variable. By explicitly including a blocking variable in an experiment, the experimenter can tease out nuisance effects and more clearly test treatment effects of interest.
What is a block in an experiment statistics?
Definition of a Block. A group of experimental units or subjects that are. similar in ways that are expected to affect the response to treatments. In a block design, the random assignment of units to. treatments is carried out separately within each block.
Is blocking required in an experimental design?
Blocking is an important compromise between randomization and control, but not required in an experimental design.
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