International law and human trafficking

  • What can the UN do about human trafficking?

    The UN system offers practical help to States, to draft laws and create comprehensive national anti-trafficking strategies and assist with resources to implement them..

  • What international organizations are involved with human trafficking?

    We work with a number of partners, who are also involved in the fight against human trafficking and migrant smuggling, including:

    Europol.International Organization for Migration.Frontex.Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights..

  • What is the international action against human trafficking?

    The Alliance against Trafficking in Persons is a broad international forum that includes international, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations who join forces to prevent and combat human trafficking.
    The UN Human Rights Office is an active member of the Alliance..

  • It is a crime of exploitation.
    Traffickers profit at the expense of their victims by compelling them to perform labor or to engage in commercial sex in every region of the United States and around the world.
  • Many factors make children and adults vulnerable to human trafficking.
    However, human trafficking does not exist solely because many people are vulnerable to exploitation.
    Instead, human trafficking is fueled by a demand for cheap labor, services, and for commercial sex.
  • Taiwan is ranked as one of the best countries in the latest U.S.
    Department's report for its efforts against human trafficking.
  • The Alliance against Trafficking in Persons is a broad international forum that includes international, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations who join forces to prevent and combat human trafficking.
    The UN Human Rights Office is an active member of the Alliance.
Article 7 of the Palermo Protocol says States should consider potential measures for allowing foreign trafficking victims to remain, temporarily or permanently, 
International law is a powerful conduit for combating human trafficking. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) created these conventions, which 
The most reputable and recent instruments of international law that have set the course for how to define, prevent, and prosecute human trafficking are the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its two related protocols: the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish
Human trafficking in Canada is prohibited by law, and is considered a criminal offence whether it occurs entirely within Canada or involves the transporting of persons across Canadian borders.
Public Safety Canada (PSC) defines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, harbouring and/or exercising control, direction or influence over the movements of a person in order to exploit that person, typically through sexual exploitation or forced labour.
It is often described as a modern form of slavery.
Human trafficking in Houston is defined as the recruitment or transportation of anyone—using threats, fraud, or force—for the purpose of exploitation by the Houston mayors office.
Houston has been acknowledged by the 
United States Department of Justice
 to have one of the highest probabilities of human trafficking and was ranked first for the most reported trafficking cases from 2007 to 2016.
Although Houston has been active in responding to the trafficking issue, such as in 2015 becoming the first city in the United States to have a labor and sex trafficking addressment position in the Mayor's cabinet, in 2019 the number of trafficking cases in Houston nearly doubled from the previous three years.

Human trafficking in Israel includes the trafficking of men and women into the country for forced labor and sex slavery.
The country has made serious efforts to reduce the problem in recent years and now ranks 90th out of 167 countries who provide data.
Identification of victims, criminal justice work and efforts to co-ordinate with business and government agencies has been concerted in reducing this problem in the last decade.

Overview of the situation of human trafficking in Mexico

Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.
Mexico is a large source, transit, and destination country for victims of human trafficking.
Human trafficking is a major and complex societal issue in Myanmar, which is both a source and destination for human trafficking.
Both major forms of human trafficking, namely forced labor and forced prostitution, are common in the country, affecting men, women, and children.
Myanmar's systemic political and economic problems have made the Burmese people particularly vulnerable to trafficking.
Men, women, and children who migrate abroad to Thailand, Malaysia, China, Bangladesh, India, and South Korea for work are often trafficked into conditions of forced or bonded labor or commercial sexual exploitation.
Economic conditions within Myanmar have led to the increased legal and illegal migration of citizens regionally and internationally, often to destinations as far from Myanmar as the Middle East.
As of July 2022, Myanmar remained on the lowest tier of countries in the Trafficking in Persons Report.
The border regions of Myanmar, including Shwe Kokko, are known human trafficking destinations.
Efforts to crack down on human trafficking in Russia focus not only on the men, women, and children who are illegally shipped out of Russia to undergo forced labor and sexual exploitation in other countries, but also those who are illegally brought into Russia from abroad.
The Government of the Russian Federation has made significant progress in this area over the past decade, but a report commissioned by the United States Department of State in 2010 concluded that much more needed to be done before Russia could be taken off its Tier 3 watchlist.
State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in Tier 3 in 2017.
International law and human trafficking
International law and human trafficking
The United Kingdom (UK) is a destination country for men, women, and children primarily from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe who are subjected to human trafficking for the purposes of sexual slavery and forced labour, including domestic servitude.
It is ranked as a Tier 1 country by the US Department of State, which issues an annual report on human trafficking. Tier 1 countries are those whose governments fully comply with The Trafficking Victims Protection Act's minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
The TVPA is a federal statute of the United States.
It is believed that some victims, including minors from the UK, are also trafficked within the country.
It is also believed that migrant workers are trafficked to the UK for forced labour in agriculture, construction, food processing, domestic servitude, and food service.
Source countries for trafficking victims in the UK include the United Arab Emirates, Lithuania, Russia, Albania, Ukraine, Malaysia, Thailand, the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), Nigeria, and Ghana.
Precise details about the extent of human trafficking within the UK are not available, and many have questioned the validity of some of the more widely quoted figures.
In 2020, the US State Department estimated that there were 13,000 trafficking victims in the UK.
Ukraine is a source

Ukraine is a source

Ukraine is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked transnationally for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor.


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